Involvement of women in Radio Dhadkan
For some time now women have been associated with Radio Dhadkan as volunteers. Radio Dhadkan has also created some women audience which listen to the radio and also help in constructing the programs. Meetings with the women audience are held in the villages and the concerning issues are discussed here. The women help in constructing programs on the issues discussed. Narrowcasting is another activity in action. It helps in gathering women in the community. Firstly, the program is recorded as the women audience speak; then, the women listen to their own recorded program. Feedback is then taken from the women and once the program is finalised after the feedback, it is broadcasted on the radio. From many areas Aasha, Aganvaadi worker and ANM are also connected to us, who help in carrying out various programs. Aasha deals with health related programs, while aganvaadi worker and ANM have helped us record many health related programs. For example Diary of HIV malnutrition vaccination; we have help from them when recording these programs right from the village. In those programs, we make them listen to the narrowcasted programs which they themselves have recorded. Then the program is finalised and broadcasted on the radio.
Our staff also consists of 80% women, which makes easy the job of recording problems related to women in the field. Women can only share their problems with women. When the women staff go to the field for recording the program, the first job is to collect the women for the meeting. Social issues like dowry system, child marriage are raised in the meeting. House related issues are also discussed. And then these discussions are converted into programs.
What did women learn from the programs?
Women learned how are programs made and then broadcasted on the radio as well as recorded on a video recorder. The women present in the meetings learned that the first step towards the construction of the program is to hold a meeting with the audience. This is followed by discussing problems and then deriving issues. Concerned issues are discussed and then the script is written. This is followed by rehearsing the written script. Then the program is recorded and edited. After editing the audience listen to the recorded program for feedback. This is when the program is finalised and broadcasted on the radio. The women sitting in the audience are thus connected to us and help us in the construction of the programs which are broadcasted through Radio Dhadkan.
The following issues have been brought up by the community:
First day: First of all, all the participants were registered and given a kit which included a pen and a letter pad and then they were welcomed by Ku. Babyraja Bundela.
Objective: The objective was discussed and made clear to the participants by Miss Babyraja during the training. They were told how they can help in the construction of the programs and add to the progress of Radio Dhadkan. And they were also told how is a program constructed; how are problems of the community and villages brought up and the program is recorded after writing and editing the script.
Introduction: All the participants were introduced by playing a game in which a group of two is created. Each partner introduces the other, narrates the name, address and hobbies of the other partner. Also, some memories were narrated which were very enjoyable and memorable for the other partner, which was followed by a tea break of 10 minutes.
Program related questions were given to each participant to which they gave answers according to their understanding. Presentations were also a part of the training.
Miss Babyraja explained in detail the process of creating a program:
Selection of village/community
Audience group meeting
Raising issues in the meeting
Discussion of concerned topic
Writing the script
Lunch was then served.
Different groups were made and each group was told to bring out the problems prevailing in the areas near and about the town of Shivpuri. Each group found out one or the other problem according to their understanding and then presented it in front of the audience. Some problems may be listed as:
Education for girls
Cast based discrimination
Embryoctony (killing of embryo)
Gender based discrimination
Sanitation concerns of women
This was followed by listing out the most prior problem out of the above after having discussed it with the audience, by Mr. Santosh Sharma. The problems were then arranged in a numerical order to be discussed further.
Discussion on the script: After having listed the issues the topic and format of the programs was discussed. Then their script writing was discussed. For example: the first program being an interview followed by a song ending with a presentation and then having a tea break. After this, everyone was divided into groups and given issues on which they had to write a script. Every group wrote a script on the given topics and even gave a presentation on the same after having discussed it among each other. Dowry system, child marriage, killing of female embryo were some of the given topics.
Second day: The previous day activities were repeated by Uma Bhadoria and Rani Parihar in which the people participated willingly. After this, Babyraja explained the involvement of 7 C in any program. Then the women listened to a program which was based on community issues and they were asked to narrate their views on the program. Then, for the use of narrowcasting, all the women were collected and taken to visit the field in karaudi village which is 4 km from the district headquarters. The population of this village is 1265 and people of all categories reside here. In the village, narrowcasting was done at Mr. Kushwah’s place where the women listened to the women program which included the participation of 35 women. The program was then discussed and the women were asked what did they learn from the program and how could the program be made even better. During the discussion many new topics were also raised like water problems, electricity problems, improvement in level of education etc. Some programs were also recorded in the village.
We then returned to the office with all the women and had our lunch.
Then the women were given chart sheets and were told to narrate, with the help of their groups, whatever they saw on the field, what information did they gather from the field and also give a presentation on the same. Mr. Santosh then told the women what all was essential for constructing a good program.
Third day: The third day started with the repetition of the earlier discussions which was followed by the explanation of message metrics by Babyraja. This was followed by a short tea break. Each women then expressed her views about message metrics on a chart sheet and gave a group presentation. Then the women were told about the ‘zoom’ program by Sarnaam which is an equipment for recording programs. They were told how to record programs using ‘zoom’ and what is the duration of the program that we create using ‘zoom’. Each participant was given the chance to record using ‘zoom’.
Game: All the participants played a game in which each had to choose a slip and take out the voice of the animal or bird which ws written in the slip.
Studio related work: After playing the game all the participants were shown the studio. They were shown the machines which are used for recording and creating programs and told the use of each machine and equipment.
Feedback of the participants: Women broadcaster training was a new experience for every participant. How are programs made on a radio, what is narrowcasting about and what are the problems prevailing in the areas near the region of shivpuri on which programs are made; so much knowledge about the radio after being connected to the radio for long was entirely new to all the participants. Also, for the first time a team of 10 women discussed women problems on the radio;many people listened to the program and directly talked on the phone with them;almost all women talked on the radio with full confidence and narrated their own problems; they also indicated to many women that even in the toughest of situations we should not lose confidence and working for women is not an offence or a matter of shame. It further increases our confidence and adds pride to the name of our family.
Experience of the instructors: During the training, Renu Ojha and Mamta understood what was training of trainees. It was their first experience. They had undergone training for the related task and got a chance to train 10 other women for the same. They also got familiar with the processing of the radio station and understood how is a program made and broadcasted on a community radio. They also shred their experience with their colleagues during the training. They now know how do other radio stations make programs for thei community. Their confidence has increased as the master trainers.
Plan ahead: the 10 women who have undergone the training of women broadcasting will help in making further programs for Radio Dhadkan and will also be a part of its future processes; they will also try and invite more women for the training and to be a part of the Community radio. For the same concern, women broadcaster has decided to give one day per week for the working of the radio and to have atleast one gathering every month.